CDC 2015 recommendations include screening all patients age 13-64 for HIV, especially if they have another STD in opt out approach. We need to consider working towards doing this here at CMC and wherever you go practice.
Managing sexual partners: options include patient referral, provider referral, expedited partner therapy (EPT). EPT based on multiple RCTs appears to be superior and involves sending prescription with patient to give to partner.
Sexual Assault victim: treat with rocephin, azithromycin, flagyl, hepatitis B vaccine. CDC with algorithm for HIV prophylaxis. If significant exposure and presents within 72 hours treat with zidovudine for 28 days.
PID: spectrum from cervicitis to TOA and peritonitis. Strongly consider ultrasound as first line imaging. 50 % STD related. Treat uncomplicated with rocephin and 2 weeks doxycycline. TOA, pregnancy, ill appearing admit for IV antibiotics/OB GYN consultation.
Epidydimitis: Consider US also. Less than 35 or STD exposure-treat rocephin, 2 weeks doxycycline.
Complications of gonorrhea: PID, septic arthritis, Fitz Hugh Curtis, disseminated gonococcemia, meningitis, conjunctivitis. Neonates-day 2-5, full sepsis workup and admit for IV antibiotics.
Complications of chlamydia: infertility, PID, Reiter syndrome. Recommend treating with PO azithromycin 1 g including pregnancy.
Syphillis: treat with penicillin, different regimens depending on stage. Ocular and neurosyphilis requires CSF, admission, IV antibiotics.
Less common STDs include Chancroid, Lymphogranuloma Venereum, Donovanosis. Treat with rocephin and doxycycline.